Following on from the proposed WEEE collection targets announced last month, BIS have now released the final 2016 WEEE collection targets.
The UK Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations require the Secretary of State to set the amount of household WEEE collections falling within each category of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) that is to be financed by producers via their membership of a Producer Compliance Scheme (PCS). Comments were invited on a discussion paper circulated on 24 February 2016.
The overall UK WEEE collection target for 2016 is 544,341 tonnes. This is 22,732 tonnes higher than the total amount of household WEEE collected and reported by PCSs to the environment agencies in 2015. The table below shows the breakdown of the overall target across the 14 categories EEE.
The overall target is below the collection levels necessary to achieve the UK Member State target of 730,450 tonnes for 2016. The difference between the Member State target and that collected and financed by producers will come from “substantiated estimates” of WEEE arising and treated from other sources, notably LDA that appears in the light iron waste stream.
2016 WEEE Collection targets
These targets are calculated based on the average annual growth in tonnes of WEEE collected for each category since 2011. Use of 5 year trend data mitigates the effect of outliers in the data, with the subsequent figure reflective of the general trend in collection volumes over the last five years. The source data comes from WEEE collected by schemes and reported to the Environment Agency.
In some cases, manual adjustments have been made where the previous growth trend is not judged to be reflective of current market dynamics, however, the BIS have stated this has been kept to a minimum for simplicity and clarity.
Another factor considered is the impact of the change in definition of household WEEE.
Please see below for the details for each of the manually amended categories taken from the targets announcement document.
Category 3 IT and Telecoms Equipment - collections in 2015 increased by 31% compared with the average annual trend of 9% growth. This is a likely consequence of some PCSs counting so called “dual use” WEEE arising at businesses towards their target. Stakeholder views were mixed on the likelihood of this trend continuing. However 35,000 tonnes of Category 3 were collected in 2015 outside of arrangements with PCSs some of which will be “dual use”WEEE which suggests the trend has potential to continue. The target is therefore set at 56,762 tonnes which is the mid-point between the trend growth and 2015 growth.
Category 5 Lighting – This category saw tonnage appear for the first time in 2013 as a consequence of LED lamp sources appearing as waste. Following the precedent set in 2014 and 2015 this is set at zero given that LED lamp sources now fall under Cat 13.
Category 11 display – There is an annual decline in tonnage collected in this category but the rate of decline is slowing. This is due to the “light weighting” of waste TVs and a peak in recycling during the digital switchover. The trend data would suggest a reduction of 15% for 2016. Stakeholder views range from maintaining the 2015 target to a reduction of 10%. The target is set at 68,708 tonnes, which is a 7.5% reduction compared to 2015, following the trend of the decreasing collections in this category that is now starting to bottom out.
Category 12 Refrigeration - The trend data shows a spike in collections since late 2013 when treatment requirements changed bringing new costs on recyclers. Consequently more equipment was channelled through the producer financed system. Although that spike in growth has tailed off the trend does nevertheless point to a rise for 2016 of 6.3%. However research by the sector on the respective weights of EEE and WEEE indicate that the collection rate is already very high - representing approximately 90% EEE put on the market. The target is set at 124,576 tonnes which is a 3% uplift against 2015 collections.
Category 13 Lamps – Dual Use has had a significant impact on lamps since virtually all the product sold (i.e. energy saving light bulbs, LEDs and fluorescent tubes) is suitable for business and domestic use. The target calculation therefore combines business and household historical WEEE data to consider the trend. Stakeholders broadly support this approach and many agreed that a significant proportion of waste lamps that is known to be treated outside of the WEEE system should also be included. 50% of the tonnage that was reported in 2015 as “non obligated” WEEE is added to the target. The target is therefore set at 6,882 tonnes.
Category 14 PV panels – Photovoltaic (PV) Panels came within the scope of the WEEE Regulations effect from 1 January 2014, meaning we not have the benefit of historical data prior to 2014. Given the long life expectancy of PV panels (25-30 years), the volume arising as waste is extremely low. The target is set at 90 tonnes, which is the amount of PV panels collected and financed by producers in 2015
For further information regarding the WEEE collection targets for 2016 or Comply Direct's WEEE services, please do not hesitate to get in touch with one of our experts.